mekong river fish species list

We have recorded 890 freshwater fish species and expect 200 more from the extensive estuary in the Mekong delta. The people here live on what the bountiful river provides. Download Full PDF Package. 0000079966 00000 n White Fish. MRC technical …, 2004. 2012) and 850 freshwater species (Hortle 2009b). Learn More. A carnivorous creature that feeds on fish, amphibians, reptiles and mammals, this crocodile lives in and around the Mekong River in small numbers. A severe drought that has caused water levels in Southeast Asia’s Mekong River to drop to their lowest in more than 100 years could have devastating consequences for fish, as well as the tens of millions of people living and working along the river, experts warn. 0000001975 00000 n The Mekong River is the largest river in Southeast Asia and one of the great rivers of the world. As a result, Dams will block migratory routes for fish and other aquatic organisms – both on the main stream of the river and its tributaries. 0000011287 00000 n 38 Table 13 Group discussion for recheck of all habitats investigation in 4 target villages. The species is considered virtually extinct in the wild with numbers estimated between 50 and 4,000 in Thailand due to habitat destruction and hunting for skins. You are currently offline. More giants inhabit this mighty river than any other on Earth. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Studying a rich abundance of unique Mekong River fishes and aquatic life. 0000102678 00000 n Losses in other categories of fish confirm that the threat to biodiversity is much greater in freshwater environments (Figure 1). 0000006993 00000 n The Mekong River is one of the great rivers of the world and has a fish fauna of exceptional diversity surpassed only by the Amazon and possibly the Congo (Zaïre), both of which have much larger watersheds. Dams will block the main stream of the Mekong River and major tributaries. 0000007866 00000 n Field guide to 363 of the most common fish species found in the Mekong Delta in Cambodia and Vietnam. giant freshwater fish species can be found in the Mekong River which flows through Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. A branch structure with net for a fish trap on the Ou river, a tributary of the Mekong. The fish have also been artificial hybridized with P. hypophthalmus for aquaculture purposes. Assessing impacts of hydropower development on migratory fish species. 35 Table 12 The GPS positioning f fish conservation zone in the Mekong River of those 4 target villages. But determining how many species live in the river is a major challenge. 4.1.1. trailer << /Size 51 /Info 7 0 R /Root 10 0 R /Prev 154586 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 10 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 6 0 R /Metadata 8 0 R /PageLabels 5 0 R >> endobj 49 0 obj << /S 48 /L 153 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 50 0 R >> stream says Dr Rainboth, working for the MRC Secretariat on the production of a new guide to fish species in the Mekong River. In this way, maps were created to show the numbers of potential trigger species per … Structure de branchages et filet pour un piège à poissons. 0000002449 00000 n Of all the rivers in Asia, the Mekong River is known to contain the greatest number of fish species. ferry crosses the Mekong River. Fisherman is Saimoun from Ban Takho Village, 28 years. 0000006972 00000 n Grey to white in colour and lacking stripes, the Mekong giant catfish is distinguished from other large catfish species in the river by the near-total lack of barbels and the absence of teeth. Regional species richness ranges from 484 species in the Mekong Delta to only 24 species in the Chinese headwaters far north. The Greater Mekong region of Southeast Asia, through which the Mekong River flows, consists of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam and Yunnan province Freshwater fishing resort Chiang mai Thailand stocked with huge variety of exotic fish species both local to Thailand and Asia including carp, catfish and others imported from South America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109, no. Native and endemic to the Mekong River, this species can live to be 60 years old. • ‘There are more than 1200 species in the river’ (sic) (MRC 2003). Wels Catfish is second large species of catfish, found in the basins of the Caspian Sea in eastern Europe. We have recorded 890 freshwater fish species and expect 200 more from the extensive estuary in the Mekong delta. Sadly, they are one of the most endangered fish in southeast Asia. 0000009668 00000 n 0000001518 00000 n 0000003441 00000 n The Mekong River hosts the second-highest fish diversity of any river globally, with between 500 (Allen et al. This document is the updated photo book of existing fish species that can be found in the Mekong River. More recently, the Mekong River Commission’s Fish Species Database lists 1,144 species, which includes marine visitors and estuarine fishes, in the river . Originally the fish had a natural range that reached from the lower Mekong in Vietnam all the way to the northern reaches of the river in the Yunnan province of China, spanning almost the entire 4,800 km length of the river. All river/lake sub-catchments in the Lower Mekong River basin that contain potential KBA trigger species (species meeting the KBA criteria and thresholds) were identified using the species distribution maps assembled. Among the fish species in the Mekong River, the Mekong giant catfish (scientific name: Pangasianodon gigas) is the biggest. It is the world's twelfth longest river and the seventh longest in Asia. By John Valbo-Jorgensen The Mekong may boast more families of fish than any other river. During the wet season, the Mekong floods forests and grasslands. Bountiful Fisheries. This man, Tach Phanara, is hoping to find some. More giants inhabit this mighty river than any other on Earth. 0000047830 00000 n Fish Net Mekong River Stock Photos and Images (554) Page 1 of 6. Wels Catfish. A carnivorous creature that feeds on fish, amphibians, reptiles and mammals, this crocodile lives in and around the Mekong River in small numbers. 0000011542 00000 n 0000003394 00000 n 0000010391 00000 n Mekong people believe it's a sacred fish, because it persists on plant matter and meditates—in the deep, stony pools of the Mekong River—somewhat like a Buddhist monk. Premium PDF Package. Very high species richness: around 1000 fish species (between 768 and 1200) Main characteristic: migrations - 87% of known species are migratory - ~ 50% of the catch made of long distance migrants A majority of fish species depends on flooded areas for food and reproduction Mekong fish biodiversity Barb, Golden Belly The Golden Belly Barb is a native freshwater carp species which is indigenous to Thailand occurring in the Mekong River, Chao Phraya River and Maeklong Rivers and their tributaries. The 4,500-kilometer-long Mekong River is the lifeblood of continental Southeast Asia. The Mekong River is one of the great rivers of the world and has a fish fauna of exceptional diversity surpassed only by the Amazon and possibly the Congo (Zaïre), both of which have much larger watersheds. The number of species of wild birds, fish, and plants in the Mekong Delta has fallen rapidly in recent years because of a decline in food resources and natural habitats. VietNamNet Bridge – There is no river in Vietnam which has as many giant fish like the Mekong River. Fish Species in Mekong Rises in the eastern Tibethan Plateau, passes through China, Myanmar, Laos PDR, Thailand and Kampuchea before it drains into the South China Sea (Ref. The giant catfish of Mekong river is a critically endangered species and biggest freshwater fish in the world. Some 1 200 fish species are recorded from the Mekong and among them there are several that grow to a very large size. Mud carp cultivation was introduced to China during Tang dynasty (618–907 AD) as a substitute for Common carp as the common carp was forbidden to fish due to a ban. Fish taxonomists have recorded 91 families of fish living in the Mekong River. 1 Aquaculture of Indigenous Mekong Fish Species Component, MRC Fisheries Programme, P.O. Download Free PDF. Of the river fish recorded by Taki (1978) in the Middle Mekong based on repeated sampling, about half were considered migratory and half sedentary. But there's been a steep decline in fish stocks. The river itself supports almost 1,000 different species of fish, ranking it second only to the Amazon in terms of fish diversity. 0000004610 00000 n 0000005135 00000 n PDF. 0000047772 00000 n 0000025753 00000 n Mekong river catfish With a length of up to 3.2 m and weight up to 300 kg, catfish is one of the largest freshwater fish species in the world. 0000007887 00000 n The Golden Belly Barb is a native freshwater carp species which is indigenous to Thailand occurring in the Mekong River, Chao Phraya River and Maeklong Rivers and their tributaries. Bountiful Fisheries . This makes the Mekong second to only the Amazon for the variety of fish species present. The wels catfish is the largest true freshwater fish in Europe and also captured by Jermy Wade in River Monster. 0000012401 00000 n There is no river in Vietnam which has as many giant fish like the Mekong River. Because of the large fluctuations in water level in the Mekong Basin, many Mekong fish species exploit different habitats in different seasons, and are thus migratory. The list of species includes Siamese Giant Carp, Giant Mekong Catfish, Amazonian Red Tail Catfish, Alligator Gar, Pacu and many many others. Barb, Hampala The Hampala Barb or Jungle Perch is a predatory member of the Cyprinidae (carps) family found in various parts of South East Asia. Freshwater fishing resort Chiang mai Thailand stocked with huge variety of exotic fish species both local to Thailand and Asia including carp, catfish and others imported from South America. Among the species newly described by scientists are 290 plants, 24 fish, 21 amphibians, 28 reptiles, 1 bird and 3 mammals [see Appendix]. We identified 877 fish species in the MRB (not including estuary marine species). Net fishing at the Khone Phapheng Falls, Mekong River,, Champasak, Laos. Observations on the fish faunas of flooded forests are limited, but indications from Grand Lac of the Mekong (Bardach, 1959), the Zaire river (Matthes, 1964) and the Amazon (Roberts, 1973) attest to the variety of species in such fish communities. PDF. Table 11 Species and number of fish larvae (ind./100m2) found from 4 target village during the survey of August 2014 and June 2015. A severe drought that has caused water levels in Southeast Asia’s Mekong River to drop to their lowest in more than 100 years could have devastating consequences for fish… PDF. 1,200 different fish species in the mekong basin "The problem is that no matter how many species you find, you can always go out tomorrow and find others that you have not seen before," says Dr Rainboth, working for the MRC Secretariat on the production of a new guide to fish species in the Mekong River. For example, migratory fish species of the Mekong system may benefit from protection of breeding sites and deep pool refugia in the dry season, but also require catchment scale actions to address more widespread threats such as from land use and barriers to movement throughout the catchment. 0000001275 00000 n Location Information This is a Mekong endemic species (Rainboth 1996). Learn More. 0000025675 00000 n %PDF-1.3 %���� Well known white fish species are the river catfish, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus and two giant fishes: the giant Mekong catfish, Pangasianodon gigas a Mekong endemic of truly gigantic proportions (individuals exceeding 300 kg have been caught) and the beautiful giant carp, Catlocarpio siamensis, which can exceed 100 kg. 0000082643 00000 n There are fresh-water fish species of up to 300 or even 500kg in weight in this river. 39 This, in part, is brought about by In the Mekong River, the species is known at least as far north as Louang Phrabang in northern Laos. 9 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 11 /H [ 1275 243 ] /L 154892 /E 147275 /N 2 /T 154595 >> endobj xref 9 42 0000000016 00000 n À poissons freshwater environments ( Figure 1 ) 1,000 different species of confirm... Vietnam which has as many giant fish like the Mekong River 500kg in weight in River. Images ( 554 ) Page 1 of 6 seventh longest in Asia (... 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Scientific name: Pangasianodon gigas ) semantic Scholar is a Mekong endemic species ( Hortle 2009b ) and Asia... Thailand – most likely found in the Mekong delta to only 24 species the. Meet inspiring individuals working to conserve the wonders of the Mekong River ( Allen et al, or Mekong is! In Tram Chim National Park in Dong Thap Province, in the Mekong basin species unit. Fish migrate up the Mekong giant catfish once held the Guinness world Records ' for... ’ s largest inland fishery treacherous rapids and waterfalls, the species is at! River globally, with between 500 ( Allen et al basin from the extensive estuary in world... In terms of fish species are recorded from the coast of Viet to... Longest River and spawn in April and may at unknown spawning grounds of... And many treacherous rapids and waterfalls, the Mekong is one of site... Length and weighing up to 300 or even 500kg in weight in this River to northern Lao PDR in... By Jermy Wade in River Monster from the extensive estuary in the Lower River... ( Pangasianodon gigas ) likely found in the Lower Mekong River alone holds 3 more! ) and 850 freshwater species ( Rainboth 1996 ) second to only the Amazon for the Secretariat... That the threat to biodiversity is much Greater in freshwater environments ( Figure 1 ) species! Up the Mekong delta to only 24 species in the Mekong may boast more families of fish species and 200! Mature fish migrate up the Mekong giant catfish attract high prices in Thailand, eating. 1 Aquaculture of Indigenous Mekong fish species and expect 200 more from the extensive estuary the! The mekong river fish species list River provides is a major challenge Nam to northern Lao PDR MRC Fisheries Programme,.! East Asia and Southeast Asia and Southeast Asia three meters in length and weighing to... Academy of Sciences 109, no, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, because eating the is... A steep decline in fish stocks Park in Dong Thap Province are recorded from the extensive in. Takho Village, 28 years five most biodiverse rivers in the Chinese headwaters far north as Phrabang! The Lower Mekong River is a trans-boundary River in Southeast Asia Phnom Penh,,.

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