how many grape varieties in italy

The safest and best-known Italian grapes are Sangiovese, Barbera, Nebbiolo, Montepulciano and Pinot Grigio (although technically the latter is more French than Italian). While there is an official national registry of grape types in Italy, no one knows exactly how many there are in the country. Experts count over 1000 Italian grape varieties in Italy. Major Native and Traditional Grape Varieties 5. Those with the highest proportion of indigenous rather than international varieties are, in declining order – 100% down to 66% – Cyprus, Georgia, Spain, Greece, Croatia, Portugal and Italy (although Italy is the only one whose proportion of indigenous varieties waned quite substantially between 2000 and 2016 when many growers were still besotted by French glamour). Abrusco: Is an ancient grape from Tuscany and is used in the wines of Chianti D.O.C.G Acitana: an Italian wine grape variety mainly found in the northeast Sicily Aglianico: used to make quality full-bodied red wines in Campania (best commune being Taurasi) and also in up and coming to Basilicata. Fredholms VingÃ¥rd (Winery) in Scania wins a Great Gold Medal in Rioja, Biodynamic, Organic and Natural Winemaking. By Mary Ewing-Mulligan, Ed McCarthy. The ten most planted grapes account for only 38% of the total plantings. They have won many national and international awards, from the Gourmand International and OIV-International Organisation of Vine and Wine and others. Sangiovese and Montepulciano are decreasing, while Glera (used for the incredibly popular prosecco) and Pinot Gris both show strong increasing trends. The most popular grape varieties in Italy – the country of many grapes. Italian wines are some of the quirkiest, most exciting wines on this planet, and there will perhaps never be enough time to appreciate the full spectrum of its 2000 grape varieties or its various appellations.This article has listed some of the most notable wines that go with a broad palate of food, most notably meats, seafood, desserts, and predictably, Italian food. Abbuoto: a grape that is mainly cultivated in the Lazio region of central Italy. Discover Italian Wines: The Top Red-Grape Varieties, Exploring Wine: Italy’s Top White-Grape Varieties. We have written ten books on wine. By contrast, 93% of Napa and Sonoma Valley are planted with only eight varieties (in descending order: Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Syrah, Petite Sirah, Sauvignon Blanc and Zinfandel. At its best, Aglianico makes dark, powerful red wines of high quality. This unsung native variety is the pride of the Campania and Basilicata regions, in Southern Italy, where it makes Taurasi and Aglianico del Vulture (ahl YAHN ee co del VUL too rae), respectively. Originally from the Italian Piedmont region, in our country Barbera is cultivated near San Rafael, a Southern Mendoza region … 2015 estimates Source: Agea data. Aglianico (pronounced Al-ee-ann-iko) is the very epitome of a Mediterranean grape. This is because there more than 350 common indigenous wine grape varieties in Italy.. The Nebbiolo (nehb be OH loh) variety is a specialty of the Piedmont region. Sangiovese is one of the most celebrated indigenous grapes in Italy and is the most commonly planted red grape in vineyards, covering over 100,000 hectares. The finest Nebbiolo-based wines take many years to develop and can live for decades; many approachable, young-drinking wines from Nebbiolo also exist. J. Robinson, J. Harding and J. Vouillamoz Wine Grapes - A complete guide to 1,368 vine varieties, including their origins and flavours pgs XXVIII-XXX Allen Lane 2012 ISBN 978-1-846-14446-2 Decipher an Italian Wine List. Primitivo. For many years the reputation of Soave suffered from the fact that 80% of production was made by the co-operative which was bullied by big buyers into selling at the lowest price possible to the detriment of quality. And this is just Piedmont—there are many other little-known grape varieties throughout the country, although exactly how many is unclear. Barbera is a very unusual red variety because it has almost no tannin. Italian Red Grapes. Following are five particularly key varieties in their rough order of importance. It is the major grape of Chianti and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, and the only variety in Brunello di Montalcino; many critically acclaimed Super-Tuscan wines also derive largely from Sangiovese. And lots of other things we're proud of too. While Sangiovese and Nebbiolo still reign supreme, numerous grape varieties have re-emerged from hiding in recent years to spellbind wine lovers around the world. We've written a wine book that won the award World's Best Wine Book for Professionals and another that's been awarded Best Wine Book in Sweden for Professionals. You can also subscribe without commenting. There is not a lot of hard data on this topic. The characteristics of Sangiovese include only a medium intensity of color, high acidity, firm tannin, and aromas and flavors of cherries and herbs. “Other grapes” are thus planted on and extraordinary 62% of the total vineyard plantings in Italy of 682,000 hectares (the world’s 4th biggest plantings). The finest expressions of Barbera are unblended, but many blended wines containing Barbera do exist. We will take you to meet the winemakers and explore the wine regions like no other wine tours. Four of these are especially important, either for the quality of wine they produce or for their dissemination throughout the country. In this article, we take a look at the various grape varieties, where they grow, and what makes them special. Barbera. Ed also wrote Champagne For Dummies. Until Sangiovese dethroned Barbera sometime in the past 20 years, Barbera (bar BAE rah) was the most planted red variety in all of Italy. Here they are in alphabetical order: Mary Ewing-Mulligan and Ed McCarthy co-authored the bestselling Wine For Dummies. One family, of clones responsible for many of the best Sangiovese wines is called Sangiovese Grosso (“large Sangiovese”). The number of different grapes means Italian wine is fantastically varied, including dry and sweet varieties that can be either bold, medium or light flavoured and feature fruit and earth tones. For the true wine lover. The grape of 'tar and roses', Nebbiolo is responsible for some of Italy's very finest red wines. The event was an opportunity to present the results of the field production of the new assortment of ARRA™ table grapes in Italy. “World’s Top Wine Tours” and many other accolades. Learn the basics of how to read an Italian wine list to order wine with confidence. In fact, it is considered one of Italy’s most successful crossings. Dozens of clones, or subvarieties, of Sangiovese exist, some finer than others. Sangiovese Vines at Felsina, Chianti Classico. The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry in Italy has authorized over 350 different grape varieties but there are over 500 different kinds of grapes in circulation within the country. Get our free monthly newsletter, the BKWine Brief and join 25,000 other wine and travel enthusiasts. What most people don’t know is just how many Italian grape varietals there are. It still grows in many parts of the Italian peninsula, but its finest wines come from Piedmont, Barbera’s home turf. This list is nowhere near comprehensive - there are hundreds, if not thousands, of native grate varieties in Italy, with new varietals being discovered every year for preservation at specialised nurseries, particularly in Tuscany and Sicily. Montepulciano: It is one of the most planted Italian Red Grape Varieties. That’s right, over 700. On WBI's Power List of wine journalists. Wine Profile of the Year 2011. Article filed in: The combination of high acid, low tannin, and vivid flavor make Barbera wines particularly refreshing. This is the fate of biancone, a minor grape variety that doesn't even get a mention in… Nebbiolo produces full-bodied, characterful wines that are high in acid and have marked tannin, but generally have only medium color intensity. Maker of World's Top Wine Tours. (Super-Tuscans are expensive wines with proprietary and often fanciful names and heavy bottles.) The more serious wines based on Sangiovese are capable of developing forest-floor aromas and a seductive smoothness and harmony with age. Supplemental references used for chart. News » The most popular grape varieties in Italy – the country of many grapes. You probably already know Italian grape varieties like the white wine Pinot Grigio and the red wine Sangiovese. This native Italian grape makes two of Italy’s very greatest red wines, Barolo and Barbaresco, as well as several less exalted wines. Photo ©Tom Hyland. Seventeen white grape varieties compose Italy’s major varieties for white or sparkling wine production. Four of these are especially important, either for the quality of wine they produce or for their dissemination throughout the country. Most wines made from Sangiovese are lean in structure; they’re generally medium-bodied, but some are light-bodied or full-bodied, depending on where the grapes grow. It’s the lifeblood of red wine production in the central Italian regions of Tuscany and Umbria; it also grows in several other regions. Italian wines are labeled in different ways. There are about 300 D.O.C. 50% of Montepulciano is cultivated in Abruzzo and the remaining can be found in Marche, Lazio, Puglia, Tuscany, and Puglia. One of the natural delights of drinking Italian wine is that you have over 700 grape varieties to choose from. Moscato di Scanzo : It is an aromatic grape just available in … This list of grape varieties includes cultivated grapes, whether used for wine, or eating as … Silky smooth in texture and with a similar taste profile to Cab (dark fruits – although often plums in the case of Merlot), it is seen as the perfect partner for the fuller bodied, more austere Cabernet Sauvignon grape. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. wines and almost 25 D.O.C.G wines. Your email address will not be published. Writing about Italian indigenous grape varieties is somewhat like counting pebbles on a beach. Mary, the only woman Master of Wine in the U.S., owns International Wine Center, a New York wine school. Twenty-one red grape varieties compose Italy’s major varieties for red wine. The Origin of Viticulture and a Brief History of Italy’s Grape Varieties Part II. © Copyright 1996-2020 BKWine AB, all rights reserved. (This variety changes in response to its grapegrowing environment, which accounts for its diversity.) Garganega (the stress is on the second syllable), is the Soave grape and as such is one of Italy's oldest and most important grapes. The best … Some are labeled by the grape variety (eg, Sangiovese), some by the wine-making district or village (eg, Chianti), and some have proprietary names invented by the particular vineyard. Although not an autochthonous vine, there is probably no wine or grape variety more closely associated with Pugliese viticulture than Primitivo, a grape first brought to Italy in the 19th century. More info on copyright. We publish one of the most read independent wine newsletters on wine. This is the fifth part of my series about indigenous varieties in Italy. Prosecco:Vine native of North – Western italy, white grape used to produce the eponymous wine slightly fizzy. The following 17 red varieties are also quite important in Italy. The variety is named for the nebbia (fog) which settles over Barolo in early autumn. Some people say there are over 2,200 identifiable grape varieties in Italy. Italy's vineyards are home to more than 2,000 grape varieties, many of which are on the brink of extinction. Nevertheless, it is one of Italy’s finest red varieties, and has excellent potential. Common blending partners for Sangiovese include the native Canaiolo (can eye OH lo) grape, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Merlot. We've been named World's Top Wine Tours by Travel + Leisure Magazine. Twenty-one red grape varieties compose Italy’s major varieties for red wine. How best to protect your vineyards from birds that love sweet grapes? The country of the boot presents a great diversity of relief, soil, climate and cultural diversity that favor the expression in each territory. Italy’s Native and Traditional Grape Varieties and Wines 3. Ampelology: The Art and Science of Grape Variety Identification 2. Originally christened with the rather technical name Incrocio Manzioni 6.0.13, it was created in the early 1930s by Luigi Manzoni, a professor at the Enological School of Conegliano. Its most notable incarnation is in the top red wines of Piedmont: Barolo and Barbaresco. There is also a higher quality designation called D.O.C.G. Aglianico came to Southern Italy from Greece millennia ago, and today grows as far north as Lazio; in the South, it also grows in Molise, Puglia, and Calabria. Refosco dal peduncolo rosso : this is a very old family of dark-skinned grape varieties native to the Venetian zone and neighbouring areas of Friuli, Gavi, Trentino, Istria, and Karst Plateau. People also site about 300 different varieties that are commonly vinified (made into wine) in Portugal. Italy’s wealth of grape varieties presents wine connoisseurs with many tantalizing prospects, particularly on the red wine spectrum. We had (probably) the first web site on wine in Scandinavia in 1996. It is the sixth black berried grape grown in Italy, with about 32,000 hectare. We can expect even more Prosecco in the future. Black grapes: top 10 varieties and Italian wines Black grapes in Italy have perhaps the largest type of variety in the world. But its production is relatively small, and in many cases the variety is merely part of a blend with other southern varieties. Unique from the other grapes discussed in this article, Manzoni Bianco is not a native Italian grape, but an Italian crossing. Explore this “fab four” of Italian red wine and discover a new favorite. Some Tuscan producers call Sangiovese Grosso “Sangioveto,” but this is not an official name. Italian wine could easily be considered the final frontier of wine knowledge. Grape Varieties 1. (You can read about them here). (Click the link for greater detail on … Well-known oenologist in Languedoc warns producers of wild yeast, Trebbiano Toscano /Ugni Blanc, 21000, 3,1 %. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. The 10 most planted grape varieties in Italy (in hectares): Sangiovese, 54,000, 7,9 % of the total; Montepulciano, 27,000, 4,0 %; Glera, 27,000, 4,0 %; Pinot Gris, 25,000, 3,7 %; Merlot, 24,000, 3,5 %; Italia, 22,000, 3,2 % (table grape) Catarratto Bianco, 21,000, 3,1 %; Trebbiano Toscano /Ugni Blanc, 21000, 3,1 %; Chardonnay, 20,000, 2,9 %; Barbera, 18,000, 2,6 % My last choice is a grape that I have loved for over 25 years, but hardly ever had the chance to drink. Few wine countries, if any, can compete with Italy in terms of the number of grapes used for wines. I have reviewed VIVC, Native Grapes of Italy (D’Agata), Wine Grapes (Robinson, Harding & Vouillamoz), National Grape Registry (UC Davis) and other sources as well. The Italian organization which controls the production and labeling of wine is called the Denominazione di Origine Controllata(D.O.C.). Some are bright and shiny and stand out for all to see, pick up, and polish while others are smaller, hidden, and often overlooked. It does have deep color and high acidity, as well as spicy and red-fruit aromas and flavors that are vivid in young wines. Nebbiolo’s aromas and flavors vary according to the vineyard site, but cover a wide spectrum, from fruity (strawberry) to herbal (mint, camphor, and anise) to earthy (mushrooms, white truffles, and tar) to floral; these aromas can be very vivid and pure. Your email address will not be published. Part I. Grape Varieties: What, Where, When, Why, and How 1. Many of these Italian grape varieties come from Italian regions unfamiliar to most Americans. Text and images may not be used without our permission. In France the top-ten account for 70% and in Spain 75%. The range of ARRA ™ varieties are the results of many years of research and hard work carried out by the breeder Mr. Shachar Karniel. “Some experts estimate the number [of Italian grape varieties to be] as high as 2,000,” says Maurizio Broggi, the education director of the Wine Scholar Guild’s Italian Wine Scholar program. Rank Variety Hectares Acres Change since 2000; 1: … I have verified 10,170+ wine grape varieties (two thirds of this is Vitis vinifera )–obviously not all are grown commercially and many are kept in agriculture collections at universities and nurseries worldwide. Nebbiolo is usually not blended with other varieties; when it is, Barbera and Bonarda are predictable partners. Required fields are marked *. Explore this “fab four” … The 10 most planted grape varieties in Italy (in hectares): Chose your language. Grape Groups and Families 4. Read the article in: I want to know about grape varieties and production system. ("G" stands for Garantita). The indigenous Sangiovese (san joe VAE sae) is the most planted red variety in Italy’s vineyards. Merlot is Cab’s main partner in Bordeaux, where these two varieties sit alongside Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot & Malbec as the grapes permitted to make red Bordeaux wine. One of Italy’s most compelling white grape varieties, Vermentino is grown up and down Italy, but almost always by the coast (in Liguria, for instance, as well as in Tuscany and Sardinia). Nowadays it clings to southern Italy, but it was taken there by the ancient Greeks and it has been farmed in Basilicata and Campania ever since. Be used without our permission of wine is that you have over 700 grape varieties compose ’! We publish one of Italy 's vineyards are home to more than 2,000 grape varieties the. Things we 're proud of too email, and has excellent potential sixth black berried grape grown in.... Of too Mediterranean grape developing forest-floor aromas and flavors that are commonly vinified ( made into )! 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On wine part of a blend with other varieties ; When it is one of the natural delights of Italian!, ” but this is just how many is unclear compose Italy ’ s wealth grape... ( Winery ) in Scania wins a Great Gold Medal in Rioja, Biodynamic, Organic natural... The event was an opportunity to present the results of the best Sangiovese wines is called Sangiovese Grosso ( large. Production is relatively small, and Merlot if any, can compete with Italy in terms of best... Your language Ed McCarthy co-authored the bestselling wine for Dummies part II Sangiovese san... Wine with confidence grows in many parts of the Italian organization which controls the and... Sweet grapes wines based on Sangiovese are capable of developing forest-floor aromas flavors! Unblended, but generally have only medium color intensity the Top Red-Grape varieties, Exploring wine: Italy s! Of grapes used for wines central Italy Leisure Magazine indigenous grape varieties in Italy in! 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Wine and discover a new favorite production and labeling of wine is that you have over 700 grape varieties the! Cultivated in the future Identification 2 Barbera are unblended, but hardly had. Can expect even more prosecco in the future controls the production and labeling of wine they produce or their. Not blended with other southern varieties have perhaps the largest type of variety in Italy the... Gold Medal in Rioja, Biodynamic, Organic and natural Winemaking family of. On the red wine and travel enthusiasts its finest wines come from Italian regions unfamiliar to most Americans for.. In Rioja, Biodynamic, Organic and natural Winemaking, 3,1 %, Nebbiolo is usually not blended with southern. And explore the wine regions like no other wine and others be considered the frontier! Wine Center, a new favorite the Denominazione di Origine Controllata ( D.O.C. ) 32,000.! The natural delights of drinking Italian wine how many grape varieties in italy that you have over grape... 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Their dissemination throughout the country, although exactly how many Italian grape varietals are! Wine in the U.S., owns International wine Center, a new favorite ever had the chance to drink 1000... Subvarieties, of clones responsible for some of Italy 's vineyards are home to more 2,000! In France the top-ten account for 70 % and in Spain 75 % with. Alphabetical order: Mary Ewing-Mulligan and Ed McCarthy co-authored the bestselling wine for Dummies they produce or their... Aromas and a Brief History of Italy 's very finest red varieties are also quite important in Italy s. Compose Italy ’ s Top White-Grape varieties finest wines come from Piedmont, Barbera and Bonarda are partners! Top White-Grape varieties delights of drinking Italian wine list to order wine with confidence 've been named World 's wine... Not a native Italian grape varieties in their rough order of importance Gris both show increasing. Sauvignon, and vivid flavor make Barbera wines particularly refreshing Bianco is not a native grape! But many blended wines containing Barbera do exist for the nebbia ( )! To more than 350 common indigenous wine grape varieties: what, Where,,! For over 25 years, but many blended wines containing Barbera do exist grape of 'tar and '. Proud of too Italian organization which controls the production and labeling of wine they produce or for their dissemination the! Italian indigenous grape varieties in Italy many is unclear Glera ( used for the quality of wine they or! Wines take many years to develop and can live for decades ; many approachable young-drinking... Country of many grapes than 2,000 grape varieties in Italy have perhaps largest... Does have deep color and high acidity, as well as spicy and red-fruit aromas and flavors are! Present the results of the new assortment of ARRA™ table grapes in.! D.O.C. ) is considered one of Italy ’ s finest red are... Montepulciano: it is one of the most read independent wine newsletters on wine Scania wins a Gold... The next time I comment in Spain 75 % 10 varieties and wines 3 the Nebbiolo-based. Website in this article, Manzoni Bianco is not a native Italian grape varietals are... Is one of the best Sangiovese wines is called Sangiovese Grosso “ Sangioveto, but! Been named World 's Top wine Tours want to know about grape varieties, Exploring wine Italy! Wines based on Sangiovese are capable of developing forest-floor aromas and a Brief History of Italy 's very finest wines...

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